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A Call to Action, A Call to Conscience

Posted in June 21st, 2014
by ACRATH

TIP 20142014 TIP Report Released

Secretary of State, John F Kerry, has released the 2014 Trafficking in Persons(TIP) Report.  In releasing the report Secretary Kerry said, “ this is not just a book, it’s not just a report filled with stories that will touch you. This is a call to action. It’s a call to conscience….If the cries of those who are enslaved around the world today were an earthquake, then the tremors would be felt in every single nation on the continent on every continent simultaneously.”  Read more…

The 2014 TIP Report indicates that during 2013 there were 44,758 victims of human trafficking identified with 10,603 of these being victims of forced labour.  In this report the countries of Malaysia, Venezuela, Thailand and The Gambia were downgraded to tier 3 while the countries of Chile and Switzerland were upgraded to Tier 1.  As in past years ten people were declared TIP Heroes for their work in fighting against human trafficking.

Access the 2014 TIP Report here.

Supermarket Supply Chains

Posted in June 19th, 2014
by ACRATH

Slavery in the Thai Fishing Industry

Supermarket Supply ChainsAn investigation conducted by The Guardian has revealed that some major supermarkets are using suppliers that rely on slave labour.  Prawns may be cheap to buy in supermarkets but the human cost of bringing them to supermarket shelves is unimaginable.  The long complex supply chain from boat to supermarket shelf is fed by human trafficking.  Many of the labourers do not see land for years at a time.  If they do not comply with orders on board they are beaten and tortured.  Learn more…

Marriage and Partner Migration to Australia

Posted in June 16th, 2014
by ACRATH

Marriage & Partner Migration

Australian Institute of Criminology(AIC) Research & Public Policy No 124

Research described in the latest AIC Research & Public Policy Paper is the first in Australia to confirm that marriage has been used to recruit or attract women to Australia for the purposes of exploitation as domestic servants, to provide private or commercial sexual services and/or to be exploited in the home as wives.  The study confirms that marriage and partner migration have been used to facilitate the trafficking of people into Australia.  This form of human trafficking exploits the very personhood of the victim/survivor.  The exploitation described by victims/survivors interviewed for this study include:  assertions of ownership, debt bondage, deprivation of liberty, threat of deportation, labour exploitation (commercial and domestic), confiscation of passports and identifying documentation and domestic servitude.

Read more…

Out of the Shadows

VeraThe Vera Institute of Justice’s Trafficking, in collaboration with eleven victim service organisation has developed a Victim of Human Trafficking Identification Tool.  Tested with a diverse sample of potential victims of trafficking the tool was found to be reliable in predicting labour and sex trafficking. The tool will be useful for victim service providers and law enforcement when faced with someone who may be a victim of  human trafficking.  The tool consists of a 30 topic questionnaire.  It also contains advice on ho to conduct an interview in order to delevoping trust and demonstrating respect during an interview, maintaining confidentiality and understanding the effects of trauma and victimization.   Read more…

Message of Pope Francis to ILO

Posted in June 13th, 2014
by ACRATH

Conference of the International Labour Organization

pope francisOn the occasion of the 103rd session of the Conference of the International Labour Organization (28th May – 12 June 2014) Pope Francis sent a message to the Director General of the ILO, Mr Guy Ryder.  During the fifteen day conference workers, representatives of business and governments of the 185 Member States of the ILO were discussing migration, employment policy strategies, ways out of informality and the strengthening of the convention on forced labour.

“This Conference has been convened at a crucial moment of social and economic history, one which presents challenges for the entire world”, wrote the Pope. “Unemployment is tragically expanding the frontiers of poverty. This is particularly disheartening for unemployed young people who can all too easily become demoralised, losing their sense of worth, feeling alienated from society. Another grave and related issue confronting our world is that of mass migration: the sheer numbers of men and women forced to seek work away from their homelands is a cause for concern. Despite their hopes for a better future, they frequently encounter mistrust and exclusion, to say nothing of experiencing tragedies and disasters. Having made such sacrifices, these men and women often fail to find dignified work and fall victim to a certain ‘globalisation of indifference’. Their situation exposes them to further dangers such as the horror of human trafficking, forced labour and enslavement. It is unacceptable that, in our world, slave labour has become common coin. This cannot continue! Human trafficking is a scourge, a crime against the whole of humanity. It is time to join forces and work together to free its victims and to eradicate this crime that affects all of us, from individual families to the worldwide community”.  Read more…

Stop Trafficking!

Posted in June 13th, 2014
by ACRATH

Anti-Human Trafficking Newsletter Vol 12 No 6

Stop TraffickingThe June 2014 issue of Stop Trafficking! highlights current legislation that would help address some of the injustices faced by victims of forced labour and sexual exploitation and cut profits to traffickers.

Download your copy here.

Economics of Forced Labour

Posted in June 13th, 2014
by ACRATH

ILO Report Looks at Supply & Demand Side of Forced Labour.

Profits & PovertyThe International Labour Organization (ILO) has released a new report which looks at the economics of forced labour.  In looking at the supply and demand side of forced labour the report presents solid evidence for a correlation between forced labour and poverty.  In a 2012 report the ILO concluded there was approximately 20.9 million people in forced labour globally. The new  report, Profits and Poverty: The Economics of Forced Labour, indicates forced labour in the private economy generates US$ 150 billion in illegal profits per year.  Two thirds of the estimated total, or US$ 99 billion, comes from commercial sexual exploitation, while another US$ 51 billion results from forced economic exploitation, including domestic work, agriculture and other economic activities.

“This new report takes our understanding of trafficking, forced labour and modern slavery to a new level,” said ILO Director-General Guy Ryder. “Forced labour is bad for business and development and especially for its victims. Our new report adds new urgency to our efforts to eradicate this fundamentally evil, but hugely profitable practice as soon as possible.”

Download the full report here.

Modern Slavery Bill Announced by Queen

Posted in June 6th, 2014
by ACRATH

Bill Helps Trafficked Children & Makes Victim Protection Central

Queen Elizabeth IIThe British government’s plans to tackle modern slavery by cracking down on traffickers and improving the protection and support available to victims have been hailed as a rare opportunity to end an “appalling crime”.  The modern slavery bill, which was announced in the Queen’s speech on 4th June 2014, aims to consolidate and strengthen existing laws, increase the maximum sentence for offenders to life imprisonment, and ensure that victims’ interests are properly served.   (Photo: the Guardian)  Read more…

Fighting Child Trafficking During World Cup

Posted in June 6th, 2014
by ACRATH

Play for Life, Fight Trafficking

Nuns Bottani, Castalone and Sammut hold the logo of an international campaign called "Play in Favour of Life-Denounce Human Trafficking," on the risks they say will be associated with the June-July games, as they pose in front of Saint Peter's basilica inAn international association of Catholic sisters are campaigning against human trafficking and prostitution during the World Cup in Brazil.  They are using social media, billboards and rallies in host cities to draw attention to the heightened risk of exploitation of sex workers and job-seekers in general.  The association called Talitha Kum — a Biblical phrase meaning “Little girl, get up!” — is also conducting training courses to spot signs of trafficking.  The campaign aims to inform and raise awareness among the population on possible risks and how to intervene to report possible cases.

Among past and upcoming initiatives will be ads posted on the sides of buses in Manaus, a torch-lit procession in Brasilia, talks in schools in Sao Paulo and handing out pamphlets at tourist hot-spots in beach resorts.  Sister Estrella Castalone, international co-ordinator of Talitha Kum, said that the World Cup was bringing in many workers from neighboring countries and from rural areas to work in bars or for delivery services. “People who accept job offers can be tricked and become victims of different forms of exploitation,” she said.  (Photo: Reuters)  Read more…

Who, If, When to Marry

Posted in June 3rd, 2014
by ACRATH

Incidence of Forced Marriage in Canada

Who, If, When to Marry copyThe South Asian Legal Clinic of Ontario, or SALCO, recently released a report on its findings looking at 219 cases of forced marriage that were identified in the province between 2010 and 2012.  The report, titled Who/If/When to Marry: The Incidence of Forced Marriage in Ontario, found that both men and women in the province are coerced into marriage, but 92 per cent of those affected are women.  In 25 per cent of the cases, the people involved were just 16 to 18 years old when they were married.

The report lists a variety of reasons people are pressured into marriages — usually by family members, community elders or religious leaders — including upholding cultural tradition, family reputation and honour.  Recommendations on how to deal with forced marriages across the country include a national public awareness campaign, building a better framework for assessing cases and providing legal and social support for victims of the practice.  Read more…

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