Aspects of Human Trafficking

Posted in September 1st, 2016
by ACRATH

Aspects of Human Trafficking

Aspects of Human Trafficking

Exploitation

Exploitation – The term “exploitation” may carry two distinct meanings:

  1. The act of utilizing something for any purpose. In this case, exploit is a synonym for use.
  2. The act of utilizing something in an unjust or cruel manner. It includes forcing people into prostitution or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.

For children, exploitation may also include forced prostitution, illicit international adoption, trafficking for early marriage, or recruitment as child soldiers, beggars, for sports (such as child camel jockeys or football players), or for religious cults.

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Sexual Exploitation

Sexual Exploitation is the result of a situation where a participant is forced into sexual servitude.

The trafficking protocol intentionally does not define the phrase “exploitation of prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation” because governments could not agree on a common meaning.

All delegates agreed that sexual servitude was trafficking. (Global Alliance Against Trafficking in Women www.gaatw.net viewed 21 January 2008)

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Coercion

Coercion (co-er-shion) is the practice of compelling a person or manipulating them to behave in an involuntary way (whether through action or inaction) by use of threats, intimidation or some other form of pressure or force.

These are used as leverage, to force the victim to act in the desired way. Coercion may involve the actual infliction of physical pain/injury or psychological harm in order to enhance the credibility of a threat.

The threat of further harm may then lead to the cooperation or obedience of the person being coerced. Torture is one of the most extreme examples of coercion i.e. severe pain is inflicted on victims until they give interrogators the desired information.

The term is often associated with circumstances which involve the unethical use of threats or harm to achieve some objective. Coercion may also serve as a form of justification for a conclusion in a logical fallacy or non-logical argument.

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Debt Bondage

Debt Bondage (Bonded Labour) is the status or condition that arises when a pledge of services is given as security for a debt, but the length and nature of such services are not limited and/or defined, and their value is not applied to the liquidation of the debt. The debtor may give his/her personal services or of those of a person under his/her control as security for the debt.

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Demand

In the context of human trafficking, ‘demand’ refers to the people (90% of whom are men) who buy sex, the prostitutors.    According to Donna Hughes ( University of Rhode Island professor of women’s studies and activist against prostitution and human trafficking, and pornography), there are four components which make up the demand:  1) the men who buy commercial sex acts, 2) the exploiters who make up the sex industry, 3) the states that are destination countries, and 4) the culture that tolerates or promotes sexual exploitation.

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